Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 123-132
Review on Determinants of Economic Efficiency of Smallholder Maize Production in Ethiopia
Mideksa Dabessa Iticha, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ambo University, Woliso, Ethiopia
Received: Jun. 26, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 28, 2020;       Published: Aug. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200504.15      View  141      Downloads  107
Abstract
Maize is Ethiopia‘s staple crop and is widely grown by smallholder farmers in most part. However, the productivity of this crop is remaining low relative to the potential available in the country. These have aggravated the food insecurity situation by widening the gap between demand for and supply of food. In Ethiopia, information on the determinants of economic efficiency and levels of smallholder maize production is lacking. This paper was aimed at reviewing the determinants of economic efficiency and the level of technical, allocative and economic efficiency of smallholder maize production in Ethiopia. In these review determinants like age, sex, education, livestock holding, frequency of contact with extension agent, participation in off/non-farm income, household perception, credit use, distance, mobile use, land fragmentation, land ownership and soil fertility were identified as the main determinants of economic efficiency of smallholder maize production in Ethiopia. The level technical, allocative and economic efficiency were different author to author through the review. This indicated that the smallholder maize producer in Ethiopia encountered the problem of inefficiency in maize production. Hence, planning and implementing suitable policy intervention by focusing on the abovementioned determinants are important in Ethiopia.
Keywords
Determinant, Economic Efficiency, Ethiopia, Maize, Production, Smallholder
To cite this article
Mideksa Dabessa Iticha, Review on Determinants of Economic Efficiency of Smallholder Maize Production in Ethiopia, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 123-132. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200504.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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