Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2018, Page: 83-88
Agricultural Product Types and Household Income Contribution in Mhondoro-Mubaira (Zimbabwe)
Evans Muchesa, Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Rural Development, and Extension, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Douglas Nkosi, Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Rural Development, and Extension, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Elliot Zwane, Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Rural Development, and Extension, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Johan Van Niekerk, Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Rural Development, and Extension, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Received: Aug. 14, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 1, 2018;       Published: Sep. 21, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20180304.14      View  508      Downloads  54
Abstract
The objective of this research was to examine agricultural product types and their contribution to the household income for communal farmers in Mhondoro-Mubaira area. The study was carried out in the area of Mhondoro-Mubaira, situated in Mashonaland West province of Zimbabwe. The target population samples for the study comprised of communal farmers (N=150) and the extension officers (N=25). According to the results, remittances and gifts (92.66%) are the major contributors of household income for most communal farmers. This is because of the current bad economic situation and frequent droughts. Despite remittances and gifts being the major household income, farmers still perceive farming has very important contributor to their daily sustenance. The study proves that field crops and maize in particular is a strategic crop in Zimbabwe. Maize is not only for household consumption but also for selling. Tobacco is the most important cash crop for the farmers because of good prices and well-established markets. Farmers indicated that open markets are important but because of unscrupulous traders and lack of monitoring and poor regulations, farmers are prone to being cheated and price manipulations. The government and private sector can contribute in formalizing and improving growing of garden crops. The government should improve and invest in non-farm economy which contributes to communal farmer standard of leaving such has roads, electricity, and related infrastructure. This will inherently improve the farm economy and the livelihood status of the communal farmers.
Keywords
Mashonaland West, Maize, Tobacco, Marketing, Income Contribution, Non-farm Economy, Communal Farmer
To cite this article
Evans Muchesa, Douglas Nkosi, Elliot Zwane, Johan Van Niekerk, Agricultural Product Types and Household Income Contribution in Mhondoro-Mubaira (Zimbabwe), International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2018, pp. 83-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20180304.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Glover, D., & Kusterer, K. (2016). Small farmers, big business: contract farming and rural development. Springer.
[2]
Meyers, G. P. (2015). Decolonizing a Food System: Freedom Farmers' Market as a Place for Resistance and Analysis. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 5(4), 149-152.
[3]
Sojl, Z., Chikwanda, D., Jaja, I. F., Mushonga, B., & Muchenje, V. (2015). Relevance of the formal red meat classification system to the South African informal livestock sector. South African Journal of Animal Science, 45(3), 263-277.
[4]
Naziri, D., Rich, K. M., & Bennett, B. (2015). Would a commodity‐based trade approach improve market access for Africa? A case study of the potential of beef exports from communal areas of Namibia. Development Policy Review, 33(2), 195-219.
[5]
Mmbengwa, V., Nyhodo, B., Myeki, L., Ngethu, X., & van Schalkwyk, H. (2015). Communal livestock farming in South Africa: Does this farming system create jobs for poverty stricken rural areas?. Sylwan, 159(10), 176-192.
[6]
Altieri, M.A., 2018. Agroecology: the science of sustainable agriculture. CRC Press.
[7]
Muchesa, E., 2013. Sustainable extension support to land reform beneficiaries in Zimbabwe (Mashonaland West) (Master dissertation, Department of Agriculture Economics, Extension & Rural Development, University of Pretoria).
[8]
Samphantharak, K., & Townsend, R. M. (2018). Risk and return in village economies. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 10(1), 1-40.
[9]
Alobo Loison, S. (2015). Rural livelihood diversification in sub-Saharan Africa: a literature review. The Journal of Development Studies, 51(9), 1125-1138.
[10]
Pritchard, R., Ryan, C. M., Grundy, I., & van der Horst, D. (2018). Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity and Rural Livelihoods: Findings From Six Villages in Zimbabwe. Ecological Economics, 146, 115-124.
[11]
Mashizha, T. M., Monga, M., & Dzvimbo, M. A. (2017). Improving Livelihoods of Resettled Farmers Through Development of a Knowledge Base on Climate Change in Mhondoro–Ngezi District, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 3(2), 18.
[12]
Mavhura, E. (2017). Applying a systems-thinking approach to community resilience analysis using rural livelihoods: The case of Muzarabani district, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 25, 248-258.
[13]
Scoones, I., Mavedzenge, B., Murimbarimba, F & Sukume, (2017). Tobacco, contract farming, and agrarian change in Zimbabwe. Journal of Agrarian Change. Volume18, Issue1, January 2018, Pages 22-42. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12210
[14]
Commercial Farmers Union of Zimbabwe Congress., 2016. Commercial Farmers’ Union of Zimbabwe Annual Congress (2016). “Building Agricultural Competitiveness in Zimbabwe” http://www.cfuzim.org/~cfuzimb/images/brochure2016.pdf
Browse journals by subject